If a cancer or lesion is within a lobe of the lung, removal of the involved lobe may be indicated. Under general anesthesia with the patient deep asleep and pain free, an incision is made between the ribs to expose the lung.
The chest cavity is examined and diseased lung tissue is removed. A drainage tube (chest tube) is inserted to drain air, fluid, and blood out of the chest cavity, and the ribs and skin are closed. The remaining lung tissue expands to fill the chest.